Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Socratic Circle

Today, May 13th, we did a Socratic Circle in class. I learned a lot of things about how our world is connected and how technology impacts society. I heard a lot of examples of unintended consequences of technology.

  • I learned that Facebook was originally intended for people in Harvard University to learn and chat between them. It was never intended for people outside of Harvard which is why there are very little employees compared to the amount of users.
  • Ding told us that due to the addiction of cell phones, the risk of crashing has increased 23% because people text and drive very commonly.
  •  Ana mentioned that the amount of hackers have increased since social media and technology have evolved and people have a higher risk of having their phones hacked.
  • Alejandra mentioned that with the advances of technology, people can zoom in with their cell phone cameras into the credit card numbers and clone it. This technology has increased the number of cloned credit cards every year.
  • Nicolas Mejia explained that Facebook has given more jobs to people because it has gotten so big and it has to serve many people.

Tuesday, May 5, 2015

Pros and Cons about Globalization

Globalization can have good aspects but it can also have some negative aspects. I am going to show you some of each and then show you my conclusion of what I think about globalization.

Here are some negative aspects about globalization:
  1. Multinational corporations exploit the worst aspects of every nation's industry, economy and government. Fore example in Mexico and Nigeria, oil spills are constantly occurring whereas they could import fish or another natural resource, they export oil which impacts the environment much more.
  2. We lose parts of our culture because we constantly find "better" ways to live and do things so we adapt to those and leave our culture behind.
  3. Poor working conditions and salary are influenced with globalization. When big companies, like Nike or Adidas, are looking to build new factories, they go to countries like China or Vietnam where the minimum wage is very low and the company doesn't have to offer health insurance, which would be a waste of money for the company. The people who work in the factories, have to deal with the conditions that are offered, which overall means globalization is influencing these bad terrible working conditions.
  4. The trading of objects means a lot of fossil fuels being wasted to transport these objects. For example, if Apple wants to build another iStore in Colombia, they are constantly having to export iPads, iPhones, iMacs, etc. to Colombia which has a great impact on the environment.

Here are some positive aspects about globalization:
  1. Globalization has encouraged the reduction and sometimes removal of barriers between contries facilitating more free trade. Globalization could someday lead to the removal of the barrier between Mexico and US, which would make it easier for companies to import and export  products between these two countries which would have a really good impact for companies so they can grow their companies even more.
  2. Reduction of transportation costs, of capital controls, subsidies of global corporations and universal recognition of intellectual property laws.
  3. With globalization, in countries there are more options of goods and products. For example, if in Colombia there was only one brand of technological products 20 years ago, because of globalization there are now hundreds of stores where someone can buy a technological device.
  4. Countries are less likely to go to war if they have friendly trade. For example, if Ecuador had constant trade with Colombia, they would not want to go into war because a big part of their economies depend on each other so they are much less likely to go to war.
  5. New ideas travel to countries that help economies, companies and governments improve with these new ideas. For example, if the United States  discovers a way to make crops grow faster and the idea arrives to Colombia, coffee companies will increase the quantity of coffee beans grown and improve the companies.

My Conclusion:
I think it is good to have a globalized world because people are more connected and aware of what happens around the world. After all we live in the same world and we must learn how to solve global issues together without having any conflicts in between these countries.

Globalization and Key Vocabulary

In class today, we saw globalization with shoes. We saw international trade because the shoes came from places all over the world to Colombia and bought by the students. As shown in the chart the most common places where the shoes came from are Indonesia and China. This is because of effective labor. It is cheaper to afford labor in these countries than it is in the United States or even in Colombia. In these countries it is also cheaper to produce shoes because of the natural resources found in that country so they don't have to import so many materials. All of these are examples of international market because it shows the amount of products one country can provide to another.

Wednesday, April 29, 2015


My definition of globalization:
The connection, interchange, communication or any other interaction between people and countries around the world.

Our class definition of globalization:
International connection and exchange of ideas, world views, products, resources and culture.

Globalization Economic Impacts:

  • When Starbucks came to Colombia with cheap coffee prices, Juan Valdez had higher prices and people preferred going to Starbucks because it was cheaper than Juan Valdez.
  • When PriceSmart came to Colombia, other markets with higher food prices went down because more people were going to PriceSmart because it had all cheaper prices.
  • When McDonalds came to Colombia, all the hamburgers and foods were cheaper than the foods of other restaurants, so less people went to the national restaurants, like El Corral, for food and instead went to McDonalds for cheaper products.

Globalization Cultural Impacts:

  • When people of China (of any religion) come to Colombia, they have their rituals, so if many people of China come to Colombia they would practice their rituals.
  • Another example would be if Muslim family came to Colombia, they would practice their religion and if more Muslims came to Colombia they would possibly build more moscs or places to practice their religion.
  • Finally, if a family from Myanmar came to Colombia they would not be able to speak the language and they would practice their rituals and religion.

Sunday, April 5, 2015

Government Summative

Name: Manuela Cortes
Period: 8

Government Summative

  1. Rate each of the systems of government in order from most political power to the people (letter a) to least political power to the people (letter d). Be sure to explain why you ordered them the way you did.
    Dictatorship       Representative Democracy    Direct Democracy      Oligarchy

    a.) Direct democracy gives the most political power to the people because ultimately the people are the ones who make all the decisions. No person has more power than the other, everyone is equal. Anyone in a direct democracy can create a law and try to have it passed. As well as anyone can try to remove a law that already exists. This process is called a recall. In conclusion, direct democracies give all the power directly to the people. Everybody's vote is equally important when making laws and nobody has more power than the other.
    b.)   Representative democracy also gives a lot of political power to the people, but not as much as a direct democracy. In a representative democracy, not everyone has equal power. Government officials are more involved in the laws. Whether it is to write the laws (legislative), to enforce the laws (executive) or to interpret the laws (judicial) the government officials have more political power than the rest of the people. But, they do not have complete power. In order for them to make any decisions, the people have to vote for the representatives and get elected. So the representative's power depends on the people and not on them.
              c.) Although very few people get benefited in an oligarchy, it is not the least political power that the people get. In an oligarchy decisions are made to protect a minority of people in the population. The majority of the people do not get any power in making the government decisions, It is only a small group of people who do. In an oligarchy they are careful for someone not to have a lot of power which is why the leader in an oligarchy changes every once in a while.
              d.) In a dictatorship, people get the least political power. In this type of government, all the power is held by a single person who rules over everyone else. Dictators don't change every few years, they usually rule for life. The decisions made by the dictators are made so that only the dictator and his/her family is benefited. Unlike a representative democracy where power is held by three different branches, or an oligarchy where a group of people make the decisions; in a dictatorship all the power is held by one person. Since public opinion does not matter, the people are usually angry at the dictator. That is why they use propaganda. They manipulate the media into saying what the dictator wants them to say instead of saying what they really think. Very few times dictators make decisions that will benefit the people and when they make harmful decisions, people have no vote or say in the law. As a result, a dictatorship gives the least political power to the people.

2.) We have explored the strengths and weaknesses of various kinds of governance systems throughout this unit. In your opinion, what is the best form of government to meet the needs of the people. Use specific examples from our readings and in class simulations to support your opinion.

In my opinion, the best type of government system is a representative democracy. In this type of governance system, public opinion is extremely important. People choose their representatives, but when they are elected, the government officials are not in complete power. The power is distributed into three branches of government that are in charge of different things, to write the laws, enforce the laws and interpret the laws. The people are not in complete power so not anyone can come up with a crazy law and so, not everyone has to be extremely involved in politics. In my opinion, the best type of government to meet the needs of people and work properly is the REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY!

3.) What is the message of the political cartoon above? What system of government does it represent and what is the artist trying to say about that system of government? Be sure to use specific examples from the cartoon and your knowledge of political systems to support your claims.
  • The message of the cartoon is that Chavez should recognize that Venezuela needs to be a direct democracy because that is what the people want, but he wants a dictatorship so he can have all the power.
  • The cartoon represents a democracy that is dying because the people can no longer express their opinions against Chavez's dictator ideas. 
  • The cartoon shows that public opinion in Venezuela no longer matters and it is becoming a dictatorship country.

Government Summative Rubric

Independently I have exceeded the expectation.
I have met the expectation by...
I produce limited evidence of meeting the expectation.
I show no evidence of meeting the expectation.
6.8a Explain and analyze strengths and weaknesses of various kinds of governance systems in terms of the purposes they are designed to serve (Question 2)
- In addition to meeting the proficient qualifiers, evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of each of the political systems, drawing a conclusion based on all the information presented
- clearly stating which form of government is best

- giving 3 supporting details to justify that claim

6.8b Explain how different types of government acquire, use and justify power (Questions 1 & 3)

- rating and clearly justifying the ranking for each political system with one piece of evidence (question 1)

-explaining how the political cartoon demonstrates how power is justified in that country (question 3)