Thursday, January 29, 2015

Social Class Studies

Today in class we looked at different points of social privilege in the United States. We started of my mentioning that in the United States and in Colombia there is no meritocracy*. Students with wealthy families benefit from nepotism*, but studies show that they are also very smart. If you think about it, this fact does make a lot of sense and the article mentioned some points to prove this:

  1. To start off, wealthy parents send their children to more expensive schools and that provides resources to build better facilities and so, a better education.
  2. Well educated women and men with degrees get better jobs and they get married. This way, they get better money so they send their kids to better schools and have a better education, as mentioned in the previous point.
  3. People with a good job probably had a great priority when they were young: education. So parents make it clear to their children that this must also be a priority to them.
  4. If parents have a good job and good money, if their child is not doing so great in a subject, they can hire a tutor or a teacher to help them understand better. If a person with less money had this problem, they probably would not hire a tutor because they do not have the money to do that. People with money have privilege because they have better chances of understanding terms than people with less money.
  5. If parents are wealthy and have good jobs, they take a longer time to make big decisions and apparently, this reduces the chances of a divorce.
  6. Students with wealthy parents probably go to kinder garden and have an advantage on other kids because with kinder garden they already have 1 or 2 more years of education than others and results as a privilege.
  7. Lastly, legacy*. In many schools around the world, if your parents went to the same school that you are planning to go to, there are bigger possibilities that you are accepted in a school, just because your parents are alumni.

All of these points are examples of advantages that some people benefit from. These privileges are usually based on your parents´s wealth and income which are the two main terms in social class.

Meritocracy= work and payment that is judged by talent and not by social class.
Nepotism= means that if your parents are rich then, you will probably be rich as well in the future. It is a very close term for the opposite of meritocracy.
Legacy= Relates directly to social class and shows that if you have relatives that went to a school or other establishment before you, you have a higher priority in this establishment.

Thursday, January 22, 2015

Ethnicity and Race: Who are the Rohingya of Myanmar?

The Rohingyas are a group of people that live in Myanmar and that are currently having their human rights violated. In Myanmar, the Burmese have a lot more privilege than the Rohingyas. The Burmese are not persecuted and they are treated like real people, not like animals.  On the other side, the Rohingyas live in fear every day that others might burn their houses or capture their families. No country accepts the Rohingyas as a part of their country and anywhere they go, they are discriminated for their religion. People do not accept them for their beliefs and ethnicity. There is a clear difference in privilege for the 2 religious groups.

Below is a  map of Myanmar, with its religious divisions, and 2 pictures that show examples of the terrible life conditions that Rohingyas have to live with:

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Reaction to Gender Case Study

On Tuesday January 20th, we looked at different gender studies in class. Some were videos, some were articles, but personally my favorite, was a website. It showed India´s effective, female and male, literacy rate. As I looked at the different parts of India, I saw that more males had an effective literacy rate than females.

I think this is very unfair. Having a good education, leads to a good job and better opportunities, but without an education and an  effective literacy rate, those doors close. It is unfair that men can have a job more easily than women. That is another topic that we looked at in class.

If I were  a woman in India, I am most likely to work at home everyday because I probably will not know how to read and write. I think it would be much better if everybody had an equal education, so people have the same opportunities in life and there is not  a gender privilege.

Below is a map of India showing the literacy rate for males and females in a part of India called Madhya Pradesh: