Sunday, April 5, 2015

Government Summative

Name: Manuela Cortes
Period: 8

Government Summative

  1. Rate each of the systems of government in order from most political power to the people (letter a) to least political power to the people (letter d). Be sure to explain why you ordered them the way you did.
    Dictatorship       Representative Democracy    Direct Democracy      Oligarchy

    a.) Direct democracy gives the most political power to the people because ultimately the people are the ones who make all the decisions. No person has more power than the other, everyone is equal. Anyone in a direct democracy can create a law and try to have it passed. As well as anyone can try to remove a law that already exists. This process is called a recall. In conclusion, direct democracies give all the power directly to the people. Everybody's vote is equally important when making laws and nobody has more power than the other.
    b.)   Representative democracy also gives a lot of political power to the people, but not as much as a direct democracy. In a representative democracy, not everyone has equal power. Government officials are more involved in the laws. Whether it is to write the laws (legislative), to enforce the laws (executive) or to interpret the laws (judicial) the government officials have more political power than the rest of the people. But, they do not have complete power. In order for them to make any decisions, the people have to vote for the representatives and get elected. So the representative's power depends on the people and not on them.
              c.) Although very few people get benefited in an oligarchy, it is not the least political power that the people get. In an oligarchy decisions are made to protect a minority of people in the population. The majority of the people do not get any power in making the government decisions, It is only a small group of people who do. In an oligarchy they are careful for someone not to have a lot of power which is why the leader in an oligarchy changes every once in a while.
              d.) In a dictatorship, people get the least political power. In this type of government, all the power is held by a single person who rules over everyone else. Dictators don't change every few years, they usually rule for life. The decisions made by the dictators are made so that only the dictator and his/her family is benefited. Unlike a representative democracy where power is held by three different branches, or an oligarchy where a group of people make the decisions; in a dictatorship all the power is held by one person. Since public opinion does not matter, the people are usually angry at the dictator. That is why they use propaganda. They manipulate the media into saying what the dictator wants them to say instead of saying what they really think. Very few times dictators make decisions that will benefit the people and when they make harmful decisions, people have no vote or say in the law. As a result, a dictatorship gives the least political power to the people.

2.) We have explored the strengths and weaknesses of various kinds of governance systems throughout this unit. In your opinion, what is the best form of government to meet the needs of the people. Use specific examples from our readings and in class simulations to support your opinion.

In my opinion, the best type of government system is a representative democracy. In this type of governance system, public opinion is extremely important. People choose their representatives, but when they are elected, the government officials are not in complete power. The power is distributed into three branches of government that are in charge of different things, to write the laws, enforce the laws and interpret the laws. The people are not in complete power so not anyone can come up with a crazy law and so, not everyone has to be extremely involved in politics. In my opinion, the best type of government to meet the needs of people and work properly is the REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY!

3.) What is the message of the political cartoon above? What system of government does it represent and what is the artist trying to say about that system of government? Be sure to use specific examples from the cartoon and your knowledge of political systems to support your claims.
  • The message of the cartoon is that Chavez should recognize that Venezuela needs to be a direct democracy because that is what the people want, but he wants a dictatorship so he can have all the power.
  • The cartoon represents a democracy that is dying because the people can no longer express their opinions against Chavez's dictator ideas. 
  • The cartoon shows that public opinion in Venezuela no longer matters and it is becoming a dictatorship country.

Government Summative Rubric

Independently I have exceeded the expectation.
I have met the expectation by...
I produce limited evidence of meeting the expectation.
I show no evidence of meeting the expectation.
6.8a Explain and analyze strengths and weaknesses of various kinds of governance systems in terms of the purposes they are designed to serve (Question 2)
- In addition to meeting the proficient qualifiers, evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of each of the political systems, drawing a conclusion based on all the information presented
- clearly stating which form of government is best

- giving 3 supporting details to justify that claim

6.8b Explain how different types of government acquire, use and justify power (Questions 1 & 3)

- rating and clearly justifying the ranking for each political system with one piece of evidence (question 1)

-explaining how the political cartoon demonstrates how power is justified in that country (question 3)

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